indii.org
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Lawrence Murray: software, research, photography.en-usTue, 02 Jan 2018 21:15:22 +0100Tue, 02 Jan 2018 21:15:22 +0100Under the Dhow Sail
http://www.indii.org/archives/under-the-dhow-sail/index.html
Mon, 01 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +0100Lawrence Murrayhttp://www.indii.org/archives/under-the-dhow-sail/index.htmlDelayed Sampling
http://www.indii.org/research/delayed-sampling-and-automatic-rao-blackwellization-of-probabilistic-programs/index.html
Fri, 22 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0100Lawrence Murrayhttp://www.indii.org/research/delayed-sampling-and-automatic-rao-blackwellization-of-probabilistic-programs/index.htmlWe introduce a dynamic mechanism for the solution of analytically-tractable substructure in probabilistic programs, to reduce variance in Monte Carlo estimators. For inference with Sequential Monte Carlo, it yields improvements such as locally-optimal proposals and Rao-Blackwellization, with little modification to model code necessary. A directed graph is maintained alongside the running program, evolving dynamically as the program triggers operations upon it. Nodes of the graph represent random variables, and edges the analytically-tractable relationships between them (e.g. conjugate priors and affine transformations). Each random variable is held in the graph for as long as possible, sampled only when used by the program in a context that cannot be resolved analytically. This allows it to be analytically conditioned on as many observations as possible before sampling. We have implemented the approach in both Anglican and a new probabilistic programming language named Birch. We demonstrate it on a number of small examples, and a larger mixed linear-nonlinear state-space model.
Riddarholmen
http://www.indii.org/archives/riddarholmen/index.html
Wed, 01 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0100Lawrence Murrayhttp://www.indii.org/archives/riddarholmen/index.htmlThe island of Riddarholmen in central Stockholm, Sweden.Better together?
http://www.indii.org/research/better-together-statistical-learning-in-models-made-of-modules/index.html
Tue, 29 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200Lawrence Murrayhttp://www.indii.org/research/better-together-statistical-learning-in-models-made-of-modules/index.htmlIn modern applications, statisticians are faced with integrating heterogeneous data modalities relevant for an inference, prediction, or decision problem. In such circumstances, it is convenient to use a graphical model to represent the statistical dependencies, via a set of connected “modules”, each relating to a specific data modality, and drawing on specific domain expertise in their development. In principle, given data, the conventional statistical update then allows for coherent uncertainty quantification and information propagation through and across the modules. However, misspecification of any module can contaminate the estimate and update of others, often in unpredictable ways. In various settings, particularly when certain modules are trusted more than others, practitioners have preferred to avoid learning with the full model in favor of approaches that restrict the information propagation between modules, for example by restricting propagation to only particular directions along the edges of the graph. In this article, we investigate why these modular approaches might be preferable to the full model in misspecified settings. We propose principled criteria to choose between modular and full-model approaches. The question arises in many applied settings, including large stochastic dynamical systems, meta-analysis, epidemiological models, air pollution models, pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics, and causal inference with propensity scores.
Hötorget Tunnel
http://www.indii.org/archives/hotorget-tunnel/index.html
Sat, 12 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200Lawrence Murrayhttp://www.indii.org/archives/hotorget-tunnel/index.htmlThere may be a world at the other end of this.Summer Colours of Stockholm
http://www.indii.org/archives/summer-colours-of-stockholm/index.html
Fri, 11 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0200Lawrence Murrayhttp://www.indii.org/archives/summer-colours-of-stockholm/index.htmlColourful buildings close to midnight. Taken in Mariatorget.Abisko and Torneträsk
http://www.indii.org/archives/abisko-and-tornetrask/index.html
Sun, 04 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0200Lawrence Murrayhttp://www.indii.org/archives/abisko-and-tornetrask/index.htmlPanorama of a mountain range and tumbling clouds in the Arctic Circle.Breaking Ice
http://www.indii.org/archives/breaking-ice/index.html
Sat, 03 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0200Lawrence Murrayhttp://www.indii.org/archives/breaking-ice/index.htmlGetting acquainted with the Arctic.Minus Twenty
http://www.indii.org/archives/minus-twenty/index.html
Sun, 23 Apr 2017 00:00:00 +0200Lawrence Murrayhttp://www.indii.org/archives/minus-twenty/index.htmlMonochromes of a frozen Stockholm.Industrilandskapet
http://www.indii.org/archives/industrilandskapet/index.html
Sat, 25 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0100Lawrence Murrayhttp://www.indii.org/archives/industrilandskapet/index.htmlIndustrilandskapet in Norrköping, Sweden.